In reverse chronological order (i.e. newest first). The majority here are open-access publications, so simply follow the DOI-link to access the full text and PDF.


  • Spaak, E. (2024) The hippocampus and implicit memory (by any other name). Cognitive Neuroscience. 1-2. doi:10.1080/17588928.2024.2343651; Open Access preprint at
  • Van Es, M.W.J., Spaak, E., Schoffelen, J.-M., & Oostenveld, R. (2021) Reducing the efforts to create reproducible analysis code with FieldTrip. Journal of Open Source Software. 9(94). doi:10.21105/joss.05566 Download PDF
  • Pérez-Bellido, A., Spaak, E., & De Lange, F.P. (2023) Magnetoencephalography recordings reveal the neural mechanisms of auditory contributions to improved visual detection. Communications Biology. 6(1). doi:10.1038/s42003-022-04335-3
  • Kern, P., Heilbron, M., De Lange, F.P., & Spaak, E. (2022) Cortical activity during naturalistic music listening reflects short-range predictions based on long-term experience. eLife. doi:10.7554/eLife.80935
  • Pike, A.C., Atherton, K.E., Bauer, Y, Crittenden, B.M., Van Ede, F., Hall-McMaster, S., Von Lautze, A.H., Muhle-Karbe, P.S., Murray, A.M., Myers, N.E., Printzlau, F., Salaris, I., Spaak, E., Tankelevitch, L., Trübutschek, D., Wasmuht, D., & Noonan, M.P. (2022) 10 simple rules for a supportive lab environment. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 35(1). doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01928
  • Spaak, E., Peelen, M.V., & De Lange, F.P. (2022) Scene context impairs perception of semantically congruent objects. Psychological Science. 33(2). doi:10.1177/09567976211032676
  • Barne, L.C., Cravo, A.M., De Lange, F.P., & Spaak, E. (2021) Temporal prediction elicits rhythmic pre-activation of relevant sensory cortices. European Journal of Neuroscience. 55(11-12). doi:10.1111/ejn.15405
  • Bouwkamp, F.G., De Lange, F.P., & Spaak, E. (2021) No exploitation of temporal predictive context during visual search. Royal Society Open Science. 8(3). doi:10.1098/rsos.201565
  • Van Es, M.W.J., Marshall, T.R., Spaak, E., Jensen, O., & Schoffelen, J.-M. (2020) Phasic modulation of visual representations during sustained attention. European Journal of Neuroscience. doi:10.1111/ejn.15084
  • Drijvers, L., Jensen, O., & Spaak, E. (2020) Rapid invisible frequency tagging reveals nonlinear integration of auditory and visual information. Human Brain Mapping. doi:10.1002/hbm.25282
  • Fritsche, M., Spaak, E., & De Lange, F.P. (2020). A Bayesian and efficient observer model explains concurrent attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception. eLife. doi:10.7554/eLife.55389
  • Tankelevitch, L., Spaak, E., Rushworth, M.F.S., & Stokes, M.G. (2020). Previously reward-associated stimuli capture spatial attention in the absence of changes in the corresponding sensory representations as measured with MEG. The Journal of Neuroscience. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1172-19.2020
  • Manahova, M.E., Spaak, E., & De Lange, F.P. (2020). Familiarity increases processing speed in the visual system. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 32(4), 722-733. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01507
  • Spaak, E. & De Lange, F.P. (2020) Hippocampal and prefrontal theta-band mechanisms underpin implicit spatial context learning. The Journal of Neuroscience. 40(1), 191-202. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1660-19.2019
  • Wasmuht, D.F., Spaak, E., Buschman, T.J., Miller, E.K., & Stokes, M.G. (2018) Intrinsic neuronal dynamics predict distinct functional roles during working memory. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05961-4
  • Spaak, E., Watanabe, K., Funahashi, S., & Stokes, M.G. (2017) Stable and dynamic coding for working memory in primate prefrontal cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience. 37(27), 6503-6516. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3364-16.2017
  • Jensen, O., Spaak, E., & Park, H. (2016) Discriminating valid from spurious indices of phase-amplitude coupling. eNeuro. 3(6). doi:10.1523/eneuro.0334-16.2016
  • Stokes, M.G. & Spaak, E. (2016) The importance of single-trial analyses in cognitive neuroscience. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 20(7), 483-486, doi:10.1016/j.tics.2016.05.008
  • Spaak, E., Fonken, Y., Jensen, O., & De Lange, F.P. (2016) The neural mechanisms of prediction in visual search. Cerebral Cortex. 26(11), 4327-4336, doi:10.1093/cercor/bhv210
  • Stokes, M.G., Wolff, M.J., & Spaak, E. (2015) Decoding rich spatial information with high temporal resolution. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 19(11), 636-638, doi:10.1016/j.tics.2015.08.016
  • Jensen, O., Spaak, E., & Zumer, J.M. (2014) Human brain oscillations: From physiological mechanisms to analysis and cognition. In Supek, S., & Aine, C.J. (Eds.), Magneto-encephalography: From signals to dynamic cortical networks. Berlin: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33045-2_17
  • Spaak., E., De Lange, F.P., & Jensen, O. (2014). Local entrainment of alpha oscillations by visual stimuli causes cyclic modulation of perception. The Journal of Neuroscience. 34(10), 3536-3544, doi:10.1523/jneurosci.4385-13.2014
  • Spaak, E., Bonnefond, M., Maier, A., Leopold, D.A., & Jensen, O. (2012). Layer-specific entrainment of gamma-band neural activity by the alpha rhythm in monkey visual cortex. Current Biology, 22(24), 2313–2318. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2012.10.020
  • Spaak, E., Zeitler, M., & Gielen, C.C.A.M. (2012). Hippocampal theta modulation of neocortical spike times and gamma rhythm: A biophysical model study. PLoS ONE, 7(10): e45688. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045688
  • Spaak, E. (2009). No one is tricking anyone: A critique of Wegner’s theory of conscious will. Splijtstof, 37(3), 15–26.
  • Spaak, E. & Haselager, P.F.G. (2008). Imitation and mirror neurons: An evolutionary robotics model. In A. Nijholt, M. Pantic, M. Poel, & H. Hondorp (Eds.) Proceedings of BNAIC 2008, the Twentieth Belgian-Dutch Artificial Intelligence Conference. (pp. 249–256). Enschede: University of Twente.